AP Summer Reading 2020

Directions for Summer Reading

AP Language and Composition Summer Assignment 2020

Summer Classroom code (for a copy of all of this!)

PLEASE NOTE: Students enrolled in AP Language and Composition complete these assignments AND the Honors assignment (Assignment 1)

Assignment 2: Rhetorical Terms - Due the first day of the second semester for all students! 

The AP English Language and Composition Exam requires that students know how to analyze a writer's style. 

For this purpose, you will need to know the most commonly used rhetorical terms that have frequently appeared on past AP exams. For that reason, provide both the definition and an example of each term, not a sentence with the word being used in it. (Non-example: Lincoln uses many allusions in his speech. Example: Hurston uses a Biblical allusion when Tea Cake tells Janie that she holds the keys to the kingdom. ) 

For assistance in completing this assignment, reference the following sites; should you not be able to find the definition on these sites, try an internet search of rhetorical terms or a reference book, a regular dictionary may not give you what you need. You may also use both books you are required to read to find examples for the terms.




Rhetorical Terms

  • This assignment MUST be HANDWRITTEN and NEAT. You will be resourcing this list throughout the year, so it must be legible.

  • Points will be deducted from your grade if I cannot read your handwriting. I WILL NOT ACCEPT typed responses.

  • You are responsible for knowing, understanding, and being able to identify in text each of these terms.

  • Number the terms.



Explaining something complex by comparing it to something more simple.

"An amateur playing in a professional game is like an ibex stepping into a lion's den."

Assignment 3: Composition Activities - Due First Day of second semester (for all students) 

  • Read the book Just Mercy by Bryan Stevenson.  

This is a non-fiction book that has now been made into a movie.  You can’t complete this assignment without reading, however!  Here is a link to a website about the book:


  • After reading the book, fill out the SOAPSTONE chart attached.  This will help you construct your essay.

  • Finally, using the book, your rhetorical terms, and the SOAPSTONE, write an essay on the following prompt:

Just Mercy is a book with a clear political agenda.  Identify one key argument made by Bryan Stevenson and explain how he uses his rhetorical choices to sway his audience to see his side. 

Your essay must have a separate introduction, body, and conclusion.  You may stick with the five-paragraph essay format.  It will also be advantageous for you to employ CERERT (or more ERs when applicable) for your body paragraphs.  Your paper may be typed - in a Google Document.  Please share with me on or before the deadline. 

 SOAPSTone Graphic Organizer (Copy and paste this on to a document.)  


Title of Piece:



The voice that tells the story, or in nonfiction, the author. What do we know about the writer’s life and views that shape this text?



The general topic, content, and ideas contained in the text. What is this piece about? The time and place of the piece; the current situation or context which gave rise to the writing or speech.



The group of readers to whom this piece is directed. The audience may be one person, a small group, or a large group.  What qualities, beliefs, or values do the audience members have in common?



The reason behind the text. What does the speaker, writer, or filmmaker want the audience to do, feel, say, or choose? In literature, we call this the theme of the piece in fiction.



What types of figurative language does the author use to convey their theme?



What choice of words and use of rhetorical devices let you know the speaker’s tone? Is the tone light-hearted or deadly serious? Mischievous or ironic?